| Definition of Coaching: According to W. Timothy Gallwey, coaching is “the art of creating an environment, through conversation and a way of being, that facilitates the process by which a person can move toward desired goals in a fulfilling manner” (Moore & Tschannen-Moore, 2010).Coaches collaborate and co-create with their clients who are striving to meet goals, rather than advise or provide therapy to them. To create an environment and facilitate the process of setting and meeting goals, coaches use an evocative approach, guiding clients without directing them (Moore & Tschannen-Moore, 2010). Coaches do the listening; clients do the talking. Only if necessary, coaches provide a minimal amount of advice to clients in how to solve problems. The process of learning how is empowering which helps develop self-efficacy.One of most vital objectives of coaching is to assist clients in developing self-efficacy (Moore & Tschannen-Moore, 2010). Steps taken to develop self-efficacy helps the client take control of their own lives. Increasing self-efficacy works to empower the client with the belief that there is the possibility for change, which is influential in motivating them to change.
The analogy that it is better to teach someone how to fish rather than to provide them with fish, describes the role of coaching. Whether the coaching is for health and wellness, career, or lifestyle, the benefits clients receive in empowerment and increased self-efficacy can be utilized in all aspects of their lives.
Moore, M. & Tschannen-Moran, B. (2010). Coaching psychology manual. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.